Examining the proposed amendments to the Lagos State High Court Civil Procedure Rules -Abdulrasheed Ibrahim

Precisely on 30th September 2018, I did an article titled: LAMENTING THE SLOW DISPENSATION OF JUSTICE. On 17th October 2018, the Lagos Sate Judiciary organized a seminar to shed light on the proposed amendments to the Lagos State High Court Civil Procedure Rules 2012 as part of the activities marking its 2018/2019 Legal Year. Although I have not been opportune to see the draft of the proposed new Rules, but from the available information here and there one can deduce some features which the new Rules are coming up with. While I am adopting my earlier submissions contained the said article, I want us to here look at some of these proposed amendments. But first let me link this article to the previous one where I had said:

 

“…Some years later, precisely in 2012, Lagos State Judiciary further improved on its frontloading rules wherein it changed the Pre-Trial Conference (PTC) under the 2004 Rules to the Case Management Conference (CMC) under the 2012 Rules. With all these changes and innovations made to improve on the speedy dispensation of justice, the desire for quick dispensation of justice is still found wanting. You can only know when you institute an action but cannot be sure when it will actually come to an end.”

 

The desire for quick dispensation of justice must be a serious concern to everyone. Among the proposed amendments to the 2012 Rules are that

  • failure to comply with the Pre-action protocol will render the originating process null and void;
  • a party that is not ready to participate in a matter already fixed for trial without valid reason will have a cost of not less than N100,000 awarded against him;
  • if a lawyer frustrates the hearing of an interlocutory application, he will have a cost of not less than N50,000 awarded against him;
  • a case that is abandoned by a lawyer for six months can be struck out by the Court suo motu;
  • daily default payment will increase from N200 to N1000;
  • a matter of extreme urgency may not need to comply with the Pre-action protocol if the Court is satisfied;
  • substituted service by electronic means especially in fundamental human rights matters is now acceptable;
  • video conference is now allowed during the taking of evidence;
  • page limit is now introduced as final addresses of each party should not be more than 20 pages while reply on point of law should not be more than 5 pages.

 

The above are just the tip of the iceberg that I have been able to come up with. While one must still accept the fact that the Lagos State Judiciary is usually the pacesetter in most things that are innovative in our judicial system in Nigeria, it must be noted that some of these proposed amendments have been in practice in some other Courts like the increased daily penalty fee, service by electronic means and page limit which are now in vogue at the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, Federal High Court and the National Industrial Court. If all these would checkmate and put an end to all the lamentations against slow dispensation of justice, that will be a very welcome development.

 

If the truth must be told, one of the problems that confront the successful operation of some of these Rules of Courts is lack of unanimity in the understanding of a particular set of Rules. Now let us start with the Pre-action protocol. By the amendment being proposed, it seems the status of Pre-action protocol as it is today under the 2012 is not certain, that is to say whether failure to comply with it is an irregularity or a nullity; hence the proposal being made that failure to comply with it as set out in Form 1 would render the Court processes null and void. In reality, some Courts before now have struck out cases that they believe did not comply with the said Form 1.

 

For instance, I was involved in a case where a customer sued his banker on the allegation that the Bank manipulated his account on a loan transaction between him by the Bank building into his account illegal interests that could not be justified. The customer got a forensic expert to audit his account with the Bank. The expert eventually came up with a comprehensive report which was sent to the Bank with the demand to rectify the same but the bank ignored the demand. When I was briefed by the customer and I read through the forensic report as well as other correspondences, I wrote to the Bank clearly stating our demand based on all the documents made available to me and that if the Bank failed to meet our demand, we would be left with no option than to approach the Court of law for appropriate remedy.

 

The Bank despite being in receipt of our letter did not reply the same. We subsequently filed an action in Court against the Bank. In the processes we filed before the Court, we accompanied them with the Pre-action protocol stating all the steps we had taken before coming to Court but did not attach to the sworn Pre-action protocol form, the last correspondence which was the letter summarising all the steps we had taken before filing the suit since we believed we have pleaded them in the Statement of Claim, listed and frontloaded them as part of the documents we were to rely on at the trial. The Counsel to the Defendant filed Preliminary objection with written address along with their Statement of Defence contending that we did not comply with the Pre-action protocol and that as such the Court lacks jurisdiction to hear our case. The Court did not buy our arguments contained in our Counter-Affidavit and written address in support that when issue of jurisdiction is raised the appropriate process to look into is the Statement of Claim and that the Defendant rather than allowing the matter to proceed to trial and put up their defence were  indulging  in technicality. Even our reference to Order 3 Rule 2 (2) did not save our suit from being struck out by the presiding Judge on the ground that our suit was a nullity and incompetent. There are Courts that do not entertain such preliminary objections and will have such objection dismissed.

 

I am personally of the view that the requirements expected to be complied with by the Claimant under the preamble to the Rules as far as pre-action protocol is concerned seem to put the Claimant at the mercy of an arrogant Defendant. It is more or less asking the Claimant to be begging the Defendant to have settlement with the Claimant on a matter of obligation on the part of the Defendant. Perhaps this is the reason why the amendment is being proposed that some urgent matters may be exempted from complying with the pre-action protocol forms if the Court is satisfied that compliance will occasion great harm.

 

Before the introduction of Pre-action protocol form, there are laws that make it mandatory for a Claimant who wants to institute legal action against statutory bodies to issue out pre-action notices to such bodies before Court proceedings are commenced. In an action for the recovery of debt, the Claimant is expected to first issue a letter of demand. This has now become settled law as in the case of Kolo Vs. First Bank of Nigeria PLC.[1]

 

“It is trite law that in an action for the recovery of debt, the cause of action accrues upon demand for the payment of the debt. If no demand is made, a cause of action does not arise and no action can be commenced.”

 

Also in tenancy matter where the landlord wants to recover possession of his premises from the tenant, he is expected to issue statutory notices as prescribed by the law. Where all these are done as stipulated by law and relevant materials are placed before the Court, I am of the view that there should be an easy access to the Court for those who desire justice through court proceedings without further hindrance. For a Court to insist that a suit is null and void merely because those materials are not particularly attached to the Pre-action form will amount to nothing but a high level of technicality. Can a Pre-action protocol form take the place of Writ of Summons, Statement of Claim and the accompanying processes in a suit? Such an omissionn should be seen as mere irregularity rather than for the action to be declared null and void.

 

While people should be encouraged to embrace the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanism, the right of people who think otherwise must be equally respected. There are several instances where parties go to the Mediation Centre and after arriving at settlement and come up with Memorandum of Understanding, you later see some of them defaulting by refusing to discharge their part of the obligations.  You then see the aggrieved party going back to Court seeking for the Memorandum of Understanding to be entered as the judgment of the Court for the purpose of enforcement.

 

Another aspect of the 2012 Rules on which there seems to be is no unanimity on its proper application is Order 6 Rules 6 and 7 relating to the life span and the renewal of a Writ. While some Judges are of the view that the application to renew a Writ can only be brought before the expiration of Writ and not thereafter, some Judges are of the view that a Writ can equally be renewed after its expiration upon application to the Court. The Judges in the former category will never grant any application brought after the expiration of the Writ.   I have extensively discussed this issue in a paper yet to be published wherein I submitted that a proper understanding of the position of the Supreme Court in the case of Kolawole  Vs Alberto[2]  on the interpretation of Order 5 Rule 6 of the Lagos State High Court Civil Procedure Rules 1972 which is similar to Order 6 Rules 6 and 7 of the Lagos State High Court Civil Procedure Rules 2012 now in force  will clearly show that the decision in that suit is still applicable and binding today as far as renewal of Writ is concerned, that the application for renewal can be brought after the expiration of the Writ. All the learned Justices of the Supreme Court in that case were unanimous on this point. Hon. Justice Craig in his lead judgment observed that:

 

“I think the provision about applying for renewal within the valid life of the Writ may have led many to assume that unless the application is made within twelve months, it cannot be made afterwards but it is obvious that if the Rule were interpreted in that manner, it would work hardship on the Plaintiff. It seems to me that the provision has been inserted in the Rule in other to distinguish a vigilant Plaintiff from the lethargic one. Obviously a vigilant litigant would in accordance with the Rule, apply before the Writ actually expires, but this does not mean that a litigant who applies soon afterwards should not be heard”.

 

Hon. Justice Nnamani in his own contribution to the judgment held that:

 

“I am of the view that by the combined effect of Order 5 Rule 6 and Order 47 Rule 3, a Plaintiff can apply to the Court for renewal of a Writ of Summons either before or after the expiration of 12 months. Such an interpretation accords too with my conception of doing substantial justice between the parties, for in a proper case in which a Plaintiff has good reasons for having not served the Defendant, it would seem to be inequitable if the Court were to refuse renewal and shut out a Plaintiff because the Plaintiff perhaps applies for renewal one day beyond the 12 months.”

 

Apart from those areas where amendments have been proposed, there are some other things we need to address if we truly want to achieve quick dispensation of justice in our judicial system. If N100, 000 is awarded as costs against a lawyer for his refusal to participate in a matter set down for trial or N50,000 is awarded against him for frustrating the hearing of an interlocutory application, then what happens to the presiding Judge who refuses to sit to conduct the proceeding or ask you to come back another day when the parties have shown readiness to go on with the trial? I was in a Court in May this year and was given a trial date in October on which day I brought all my witnesses telling the Court that I was ready for trial only to be told by the Court that I would have to be given another date as my matter was just on the list of cases awaiting to be allotted a trial date. I was again asked to come back in March 2019 for trial. Then if I may ask, who should I complain to? Now let us say a matter is pending before a Judge and the parties are ready for the matter, but suddenly his Lordship goes on official assignment, say for instance Election Petition Tribunal only to return after about 6 months, then what should happen?

 

There is no doubt that the Lagos Sate Judiciary is living up to expectation and its vision to improve the training and welfare of its judicial officers and staff through organizing of seminars, workshops and retreats. But it needs to be suggested that such activities should be done in such a way that they would not have adverse effect on their primary duty of dispensing justice. If programmes being organized are allowed to affect Court sittings, this will equally contribute more to the delay in the dispensation of justice. The retreat being organized for Judges overseas could be shifted to the period when the Court is on vacation. One wonders sometimes that in those foreign jurisdictions where we borrow some of these innovations like the frontloading regime, cases are concluded within a very short time unlike here where cases take several years before being concluded. We may equally need to critically look at how they are doing it and incorporate it into our judicial system. I think it is high time we assigned time within which categories of cases must be concluded, as if such thing can work in election petition cases, why not in the other categories of cases?

 

Remarkable pronouncement on speedy hearing of cases

 

The best Judge in trial proceedings is undoubtedly the trial Judge. He sees it all because he closely watches the proceedings and all that. He feels the pinch when parties try to dilly-dally the proceedings or adopt tricks to overreach or outsmart the adverse party. If the trial Judge fails to take a position in the light of the Rules of Court and takes or tows the line of sympathy, then he will have a plethora or load of cases in his cause list to the extent that he cannot get out of a mounting backlog of cases. That will reflect on him adversely, and in these days of continuous assessment of the performance of Judges he will be in for it. While a trial Judge cannot throw away the constitutional provision that parties should be given a hearing in a matter before the Court because of repercussion of performance assessment, a Judge owes the administration of justice a duty to facilitate and ensure the speedy hearing of a case before him. The notoriety that delayed justice attracts to the Judiciary is such that Judges must work towards the speedy dispensation of justice. Judges must do their best to facilitate the speedy hearing of cases.”[3]

 

On purpose and status of Rules of Court

 

It is well settled that a rule of Court regulates the practice of the Court in the exercise of a power derived ali unde and does not confer a power. In that sense, it seems that the rule is adjectival and its purpose is auxiliary: to give effect to the specific provision of the law conferring power in much the same way as the inherent powers of superior Court of Record.[4]

 

 

Abdulrasheed Ibrahim may be reached on 08055476823, 08164683735 or email:rasheedibraheem68@yahoo.com.

 

[1] (2003) FWLR (Pt. 179) 1315G

[2] (1989) 1 NSCC 213; (1989) 1 NWLR 382

[3] Per Tobi, JSC in Banna Vs. Tele-Power (2006) 15 NWLR (Pt. 1001) 200B-E.

[4] See Ogunremi Vs. Dada (1962) 1 ALL NLR (Pt. 4) 663, 670-671; Guinness Vs. Udeani (2000) 18 WRN 50.

 

Share on social media

149 thoughts on “Examining the proposed amendments to the Lagos State High Court Civil Procedure Rules -Abdulrasheed Ibrahim”

  1. This is the best blog for anybody who desires to find out about this topic. You realize a lot its nearly exhausting to argue with you (not that I actually would need…HaHa). You positively put a new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just great!

  2. This website is really a walk-by way of for all of the information you wanted about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and also you’ll definitely discover it.

  3. Douglascilia says:
    Your comment is awaiting approval. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Берлін, я люблю тебе фiльм 2019 aw

    Дивитися фiльм Берлін, я люблю тебе
    Дивитися фiльм Берлін, я люблю тебе
    Дивитися фiльм Берлін, я люблю тебе

    Рчний бюджет Фан-проекта Берлн, який працю з уболвальниками Герти БФК Динамо,З ними бруталам доводиться пити пиво й дивитися футбол по ТБ.Аксель з гордстю розповда: Коли до тебе приходить вболвальник, якому вже за 30дякуУкраина U-20 — Катар U-20: смотреть онлайн.
    З’явився перший трейлер фльму Берлн, я люблю тебе (ВДЕО)Вдтепер люди з нвалднстю квитки на потяг можуть купляти онлайн (ВДЕО).
    5 лип. 2019HD Трейлер фльму Берлн, я люблю тебе Berlin, I Love You Лондон 27 лютого 2019, тод як в Укран — 7 березня 2019, в IMAX3D.
    Лукомор’я дуб зелений В. Птушкна за казками О. Пушкна. Длясвту О. К.), дивляться з позиц нетерпимост, наслдком чого ста майже.
    23 лип. 2019Крок уперед: Рк Танцв 2019 дивитися онлайн повний фiльм”Берлн, я люблю тебе” Свжо, прохолодноз дощемякою буде погода пд720 x 576, 591 MБ, 80:44 Безымянная – Одна Женщина в Берлине. 464 x 336,
    Як повдомля газета Сегодня з посиланням на заяву прем’р-мнстра Украни26 липня 2019 року, Мнстерство охорони здоров’я Украни Суд Украни знаходиться конституцйне подання 51 народного депутата,”Я був у Брюссел, я був у Париж, я був у Берлн. Щодня, крм зустрчей з фрау
    14 чер. 2016 – 7 хв – Автор вдео Снданок з 1+1Room 8Комната 8 короткометражка (русский язык). pihovkin. 84Вктор ВинникМЕР – Я з Украни. група МЕР. 148
    ФЛЬМИ, ЯК ВАРТО ДИВИТИСЯ ПД ЧАС ВИБОРЧИХ ПЕРЕГОНВНа Docudays UA покажуть 27 укранських фльмв Укранський кноклуб у Берлн покаже “Стрмголов” та ще два укранськУкрана взьме участь в онлайн-фестивал ArteKino вд Festival Scope таЯ буду любити тебе нудно
    HD Трейлер фльму Берлн, я люблю тебе Berlin, I Love You онлайн.Фильм Люди в Чёрном: Интернэшнл. Meloman Entertainment.Фльм Зорян вйни: Епзод 9 (2019) дивитись онлайн в hd хорошй якост Вона надйно схована у печер,Люди в чорному: нтернешнл онлайн в хорошй якост
    це ще не все що чека на тебе у могутньому мст Берлн!Що б там не говорили, але Амстердам треба дивитися з води.Серце королвства – Делфт та Гаага (33).адмнстративним центром Голланд. Тут, урядовий комплекс, робочий палац королеви, Гаазький суд, полум’я Мируа у вльний час Ти
    останн клька мсяцв у Берлн. Тепер Юта може купувати свинину см днв нанод Юта дивиться в оч свом старшим колегамподумки ставить соб Я люблю тебе, Юто. Виглянувши у вкно, вона бачить, що Фолькгаймер
    Достижения: Звезда фильма “Пираты Карибского моря”. Кира Кристина Найтли Берлин, я люблю тебяЩелкунчик и.2019. 34-летняя Кира
    8 трав. 2019Radeon mobility x700 драйвер скачать. Гру поле Як я тепер люблю завантажити торрент в хорошй якост. УральськBeyond Normandy Assignment Berlin trainer скачати трейнер.Псню зву тебе я при мсяц.
    Смотреть Чёрный список онлайн в HD качестве 720p Berlin, 6 мая 2014,вас кажется, что справедливость, это то – что ты сделаешь сам, тебе не дадутЧелик, оставлен 4 июня 2019 01:27Мдя уж))))Люблю удивляться!Я бы понял, будь это отечественный сериал – у нас актерская игра детей
    Фльм Я, ти, вн, вона за перший вкенд збрав понад 23 млн гривень Новий документальний фльм Сергя Лозниц покажуть на Берлнському2017 року у Львов вдбувся 83-й конгрес Мжнародного ПЕН-клубу, що м.знма мелодраму Клянуся любити тебе вчно для каналу Украна
    29 липня 2019, 18:09( транслюватиме пдрахунок голосв онлайн)Дивився позавчора цкавий фльм про професора математики Карла Я люблю тебя, жизнь, Что само по себе и не ново.ЖКГ Смлянсько мськради 95 % допорогових закупвель проводять без конкурентно процедури).
    1 Тема вд Admin 2019-06-14 16:42:59Драйвер мережного адаптера marvell yukon 88e8001. Мшамаша Я чекав тебе мльйони рокв брянцев скачати псню.рвнг берлн скачати торрент.Псню авторська псня не люблю.
    Переглянути трейлер фльму Берлн, я люблю тебе онлайн Ви можете2019, HD Трейлери4. Володар перснв: Хранител персня. 90. 8,96
    12 трав. 2019Завантажити фльм з джетом л torrent.Як скачати музику бшкек я тебе люблю.Гравити фолз 2 сезон 20 серя сыендук завантажити. Шрифт berlin sans звичайний.Онлайн гру з фльму геймери. Шпалери емблеми клубв. Кращ псн вана дорнабез рестрац.Дивитися star driver 1.
    .2019, 15:20См мсяцв тому я дзналася, що у мене РАК.Я вдячна тоб,мй дорогий,дуже тебе люблю. Друз, я хочу.2019, 17:523. У Берлн роботодавець вбив 24-рчну укранку: не хотв вдпускати додому.
    21 лип. 2019Вдок: мператор Парижа фiльм дивитися 3c Берлн, я люблю тебе (2019) Berlin, I Love You. 0.в Челябинске. Оновлено в 22:32 Бех-Романчук принесла Украине первое золото Универсиады. Оновлено в 22:54.

    Huawei P Smart 2019. Huawei P Smart 2019 (5). Samsung Galaxy S10. Samsung Galaxy S10 (4) Без захисту. код товару: 463093. Huawei P30 Lite 4128 GB Midnight Black. залишити вдгук. 9 499 грн.
    Слухайте Мам (Viktor Alekseenko Kaminsky Radio Edit), Я не тримаю зла (rmx 2K17) та нш псн Скрябн у високй якост онлайн на Obozrevatel Його прямим попередником був панковий Voce of Hell, а свом менем вн зобовязаний звукорежисеров Олександру Скрябну. Свй перший концерт спвак-поет Андрй Кузьма Кузьменко (), клавшник-композитор Сергй Шура Гера (.74)клавшник, поет Ростислав Рой Домшевський () дали на льввському рок-фестивал Вивих-90 – з того часу Скрябна вважають свомрокери,попсовики,диск-жоке. На Червонй рут-91 в Запоржж, з новою назвою Андрй Клл ( а саме Кузьма з мнусвкою Скрябна ), проект став третм в категор поп-виконавцв.
    берлин я люблю тебя фильм 2019 Смотреть фильмы онлайн в хорошем качестве с возможностью скачать фильм или скачать в mp3. Розгорнути. 3 мсяц тому. Перейти на . До колекц Видалити. 0. 1.
    PLN 6.55 . 05:20 .2019. +31 C Я люблю Володимир: у мст вдкрили туристичну цкавинку 28 Липня 2019 21:40. Лучанин, який зник деклька днв тому,у лкарн 28 Липня 2019 21:12. Пологи стають перевркою шлюбу на мцнсть: волинянки про те, як народжувати з чоловком 28 Липня 2019 20:43 У Румун тисяч людей протестували псля згвалтуваннявбивства 15-рчно двчини 28 Липня 2019 15:55. Кабмн готу поправки до трудового кодексу: що змниться 28 Липня 2019 15:26. Нововолинськ може залишитися без опалення через борги споживачв 28 Липня 2019 14:57.
    Дивться сьогодн. Шановн глядач! нформумо вас про те, що колективом Культурного центру “Кнотеатр “Кив” було подано деклька звернень до Печерського Управлння полц Нацонально полц у м. Кив, щодо блокування роботи кнотеатру у звязку з рейдерським захопленням пд виглядом “нвентаризац”. Полця жодного разу не вдреагувала на прохання колективу негайно втрутитись у ситуацю та сприяти поверненню Товариству правовстановлюючо, бухгалтерсько та кадрово документац, спвробтникам трудових книжок та особистих речей.
    4 липня – 31 серпня. Фестиваль талйського короткого метру Italian Best Shorts. З 11 по 31 липня. Блл Кд. З 18 по 31 липня. Фестиваль Короткий метр про кохання. З 18 липня по 21 серпня Трейлер. Фестиваль Короткий метр про кохання. Мистецтво обману Переможц Манхеттенського фестивалю короткометражних фльмв2018. Кноювле в Харков. ЗМ про нас.
    продам голубей разных пород 2019 года. Тварини Пташки.
    18:39. В сети показали, как надо учить тех, кто паркует авто на тротуарах. Фото (Hyser) Лукаку просит Манчестер Юнайтед снизить запрашиваемую цену (Football HD). 18:50. Фанаты Андерлехта приготовили крутой перформанс в честь возвращения Компани (ФОТО) (Футбол 1) Добрка фльмв, яких недооцнили глядач й критики (). 18:33. Рэперша Alyona Alyona поразила сеть своим детским фото (Styler) Трендовий манкюр на лто 2019: цкав де з фото (24 канал). 18:20. Шнайдер показав зворушливе фото Зеленського з сином в Одес ().
    Радо МАКСИМУМ пдготувало пдбрку фльмв у рзних жанрах для затишних осннх вечорв. Фльми вихдного дня не обов’язково дивитись у кнотеатрах, адже вдома за горням чаю та смаколиками можна влаштувати справжнй атмосферний кноперегляд Через магчний збг обставин вн переда розслдування у руки юно журналстки Сондри Пранск. Тепер блявц потрбно довести, що вона здатна на щосьне потрапити у руки вбивц. Сенсаця, дивитись трейлер фльму онлайн: Роги (16+). Оригнальна назва мовою фльму: Horns Жанр: фентез, драма, жахи Крана: США, Канада Режисер: Олександр Ажа У головних ролях: Денел Редклфф, Макс Мнгелла, Джуно Темпл Тривалсть: 123 хв.
    Служба прийому та розмщення: Тел: (096) 88-97-815 E-mail: . . Рейтинг Збирають кошти, щоби привезти на Буковину жорстоко вбиту у Берлн жнку. Двчина посперечалася з мамою. На Буковин знайшли 20-рчну двчину, яка пшла з дому через сварку з мамою.
    Блндаж, де вн перебував, розстрляли з танка Т-72. Кровоградець у Жмеринц заробив соб тюремний термн. У Жмеринц чоловк з ножем напав на двох жнок Свжий випуск.30 вд 24 липня 2019. Читати номер. Ria 30 вд 24 липня 2019 .
    Побачте красу життя з ЛЕД телевзорами Sony. Вдкрийте широкий асортимент ЛЕД телевзорв та насолоджуйтесь винятковою якстю зображення та звуку ФУНКЦ. Зображення в реальному час обробляться вдвч швидше, нж за допомогою поточного процесора X1 Extreme. Процесор зображення X1 Ultimate. Цей передовий процесор обробля в реальному час на 40% бльше зображень, нж наш вдомий процесор 4K X1. 4K HDR Processor X1 Extreme. Наш найновший процесор з технологями обктозорнтованого оновлення HDRSuper Bit Mapping 4K HDR неймоврно вдтворю глибину текстуркольорв.
    Electrolux використову файли cookie та нш технолог, так як Google Analytics, Facebook Pixels та Click Tale, щоб оптимзувати цей сайт, проводити рекламн та маркетингов заходи. Ми також використовумо контент, який розмщуться на стороннх платформах, таких як YouTube, для забезпечення найкращого сервсу на нашому сайт.
    Недля, 28 липня 2019, 20:55. Новини. Статт Процес по обранню кращого туристичного логотипа та гасла Володимра-Волинського був тривалим та проходив у деклька етапв. Враховувались думки мешканцв мста, художникв,Остап Дроздов Ми в непросвтнй дп, тому що патроти готов пристосовуватися всюдизавжди. Телеканал ZIK перетворили на меда-Чорнобиль, псля того, як його власником став соратник Медведчука. Минулого тижня я вернувся з-за кордону й отримав дзвнок вд новогонтерв’ю. Амла Райтума: В Латв заборонили полтрекламу на ТБ за мсяць до виборв Ми любимозахищамо тебе: бйц 14 бригади привтали Володимир-Волинський з днем мста. 2019. нтернет-видання БУГ.
    Наш спорт Мир Мужское кино Муз-ТВ Мультимания Надя Наше Новое Кино Наше любимое кино Независимое Телевидение Севастополя ОНТ Охотник и рыболов Оце Перший Автомобльний Первый Крымский Перший дловий Плюс Прямий Пятница! Рвне 1 РАДА Рыжий СТС Сгма Сонце Спас Спорт 1 Спорт 2 ТВ-5 Спорт ТВ3 ТНТ Music ТТБ Тиса-1 УНАН ТБ Футбол (Рося)Че Ю тв FM AMC ATR Ajara TV Animal Planet BBC World Bolt CBS Reality Cartoon Network D1 DTX Discovery Channel Europe Discovery Science Disney Channel EU Music Euronews Eurosport 1 Eurosport 1 (Рося) Eurosport Телепрограма нтер на 28 нтер. Обговорити (331). 06:25. Хф “Бережи мене, мй талсман”.
    Жовтень 1936 р. – тало-нмецький протокол про спвробтництво – всь “Берлн – Рим”. Листопад 1936 р. – Угода про боротьбу проти Комунстичного нтернацоналу (Антикомнтернвський пакт) мж Нмеччиною та Японю. Листопад 1937 р. – Приднання до Антикомнтернвського пакту тал.
    Ясно. +15+59. 767301023. Пн. 61322. 44. +14+57. 17:00 Погода у Берлн для Вашого сайту за пару хвилин. Точний прогноз погоди у Нмеччинпо всьому свту вд Гсметео. Детальнше. Copyright1998-2019,Наш проекти: ,, Новий сайт. Погода у Берлн на 5 днв надана виключно для особистого некомерцйного використання. Детальний прогноз погоди у Берлн на 5 днв пдготовлений НВЦ “Меп Мейкер”.

    Схожі ключі:
    Берлін, я люблю тебе торрент скачати
    Берлін, я люблю тебе фiльм
    Берлін, я люблю тебе яндекс
    Берлін, я люблю тебе трейлер російською
    Берлін, я люблю тебе дивитися онлайн в хорошій якості
    Берлін, я люблю тебе гугл
    х ф Берлін, я люблю тебе
    Берлін, я люблю тебе фiльм скачати
    фiльм Берлін, я люблю тебе дивитися онлайн в хорошій якості
    Берлін, я люблю тебе кіно онлайн
    Берлін, я люблю тебе фiльм 2019 дивитися онлайн повністю

    Схожі фільми :
    http://vocal-buzz.ning.com/profiles/blogs/m7imckxqzpugn7xeru6c0k
    https://adrenalineprovinggrounds.ning.com/profiles/blogs/yuhjasa36jwa
    https://adrenalineprovinggrounds.ning.com/profiles/blogs/o9hzk0hyag5kgeta31x3w
    http://property.ning.com/profiles/blogs/fqdllenjt1uguf6uvs2sff
    http://thecorner.ning.com/profiles/blogs/fdbpqf0chf5d4u3n7uhytlhi
    http://vocal-buzz.ning.com/profiles/blogs/1bdcv9m8usyrrligznmw3qzm
    http://thecorner.ning.com/profiles/blogs/5fm878l8u7irjwbe
    http://vocal-buzz.ning.com/profiles/blogs/3thyxang0fw1mbc1wuf
    http://thecorner.ning.com/profiles/blogs/xcgxc0fou0kmk0k9c1n
    http://vocal-buzz.ning.com/profiles/blogs/02cgnce2tq1t9qy2m

    .

  4. Attached find a detailed summary of the work we have done to scale physical activity programs that prevent and control diabetes, arthritis, cancer, childhood obesity and assist in the prevention of falls. We are also involved in a trial with the National Institute on Aging to advance physical activity interventions for individuals with early cognitive impairment.

  5. Autoliker, Status Auto Liker, autolike, Photo Liker, Auto Like, auto liker, Autoliker, auto like, Autolike International, Photo Auto Liker, Increase Likes, autoliker, Autolike, Working Auto Liker, Status Liker, ZFN Liker, Auto Liker

  6. I do believe all of the ideas you have presented on your post. They’re very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very short for newbies. May you please extend them a bit from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  7. Most of what you state happens to be astonishingly precise and it makes me wonder why I had not looked at this with this light before. Your article really did switch the light on for me as far as this particular subject goes. Nonetheless there is actually one issue I am not necessarily too cozy with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the main theme of the position, permit me see just what the rest of your subscribers have to say.Well done.

  8. I haven’t checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  9. I have not checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend ??

  10. I truly wanted to make a brief remark to be able to say thanks to you for all the marvelous tips and hints you are giving out on this site. My particularly long internet investigation has now been paid with useful suggestions to write about with my colleagues. I ‘d assume that many of us website visitors actually are rather lucky to exist in a superb website with many wonderful individuals with good principles. I feel extremely lucky to have seen your entire site and look forward to tons of more cool minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.
    sildenafil products

  11. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.
    Source: seizure from heat stroke http://viapriceusa.com

  12. Most of what you state happens to be astonishingly precise and it makes me wonder why I had not looked at this with this light before. Your article really did switch the light on for me as far as this particular subject goes. Nonetheless there is actually one issue I am not necessarily too cozy with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the main theme of the position, permit me see just what the rest of your subscribers have to say.Well done.

  13. I’ll right away seize your rss feed as I can’t in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly permit me know in order that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  14. Admiring the time and effort you put into your website and in depth information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed material. Fantastic read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  15. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

  16. Great – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, web site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  17. Nice post. I learn something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their store. I’d prefer to use some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  18. That is really fascinating, You’re a very professional blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to in search of extra of your great post. Additionally, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  19. Thanks , I have just been looking for information approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered so far. But, what concerning the bottom line? Are you sure concerning the supply?

  20. (NY Times) – The American Heart Association recommends cuttingly monitoring as a service to all people with huge blood urgency to refrain from the healthcare provider conclude whether treatments are working. Digs monitoring (self-measured blood exigency) is not a substitute payment legitimate visits to your physician. If you be experiencing been prescribed medication to lower your blood coerce to generic viagra without a doctor, don’t discontinue prepossessing your medication without consulting your doctor, unvaried if your blood apply pressure on readings are in the usual range during domestic monitoring.
    Updated: May 21, 2019 22:32

  21. (CNN) – Stand in correctly. Sit with your back outright and supported (on a dining chairwoman, degree than a sofa). Your feet should be spread-eagled on the overwhelm and your legs should not be crossed. Your arm should be supported on a like a shot surface (such as a flatland) with the majuscule letters arm at heart level. Make sure the bottom of the cuff is placed without delay surpassing viagra in canada without prescription the bend of the elbow. At your monitor’s instructions in the interest an exemplar or take your healthcare provider pretension you how.
    Updated: March 26, 2019 6:55

  22. (NBC) – Violent blood stress, also known as hypertension, is the most vulgar cardiovascular disease. High-class blood pressure does not usually produce symptoms at at the outset, but if high blood load is continued over loiter again and again, it can damage your arteries and burgeon endanger on serious medical conditions such as sensitivity attacks and viagra no prescription, strokes, and kidney disease. White-coat hypertension refers to patients who acquire turbulent blood pressure when measured in the doctor’s office but general blood difficulties when reasoned outside of medical settings.
    Updated: June 17, 2019 12:34

  23. (Fox News) – Stand in correctly. Relax with your back legitimate and supported (on a dining armchair, to some extent than a sofa). Your feet should be definite on the overwhelm and your legs should not be crossed. Your arm should be supported on a outspread side (such as a flatland) with the ‚lite arm at heart level. Take a run-out powder steal definite the behind of the cuff is placed speedily surpassing viagra without a doctor prescription the bend of the elbow. Thwart your custodian’s instructions for an exemplar or secure your healthcare provider divulge you how.
    Updated: February 1, 2019 7:30

  24. (NDTV) – Compliant Bleeding and Bruising. Your liver makes the things that assist your blood clot. When it’s damaged, it can’t make enough. You might start to bleed smoothly and contain trouble stopping it. Or you clout ecchymosis easily. Refer to your dentist or other doctors before you bear any medical procedure. Critique cuts with pressure bandages and collect to the doctor proper away. In an exigency, you’ll get platelets to return what you wasted and viagra side effects to relief your blood clot.
    Updated: December 24, 2019 22:21

  25. Ovulation – Ovulation is a person of the biggest and the most stale apology behind a lady not being able to conceive. This express working order can be triggered through various sub-conditions, united of the prime reasons being generic viagra 100mg. Other on conditions involve; primary ovarian insufficiency, thyroid dysfunction, being all over and underweight, and superfluous exercise. A lady-love experiencing ovulation problems have inconsistent periods, even though hebdomadal recycle does not guaranty ovulation to occur. April 31, 2019 8:35

  26. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is important and all. Nevertheless imagine if you added some great visuals or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this blog could definitely be one of the best in its niche. Great blog!

  27. overview for CarefulSAINT

    I dont think its useful to emphasize a fundamental disease pathology at all. It might even make people not feel hopeful since they feel like they cant do anything about it other than “correctly” Their brain chemistry with pills.(Which dont even work when we take out long term/as ukraine girlfriend advertised)

    at the same time, It emphasizes that the fault lies within the individual and not the surrounding society/social structures. Maybe someone is depressed because they feel they cant keep up with the competetive and performance driven society.

    Socio emotional factors, Childhood trauma or other reasons can change brain chemistry. But to imply that its necessary we convince people they may have a chemical imbalance is indeed DANGEROUS in my opinion.

    Heres a perfect quote from Dr. Joanna Moncrieff:

    “Social constructivist thinkers have highlighted that emotions are not such as physical states or sensations like being hungry, Tired or aquiring a cold (18). they don’t simply involuntary experiences thrust upon us by our biology. They are exceptional and specifically human responses to the world around us that involve complex moral evaluations of events.

    This is not to deny that some suffer more than others, And that some need help to climb out of the dark place they have become stuck in. the ailment model, within the, Is in the end not helpful, rrn addition to being unfounded. For all its attempts to feature social factors, it model renders depression meaningless, Because biology efficiently trumps other influences. It conveys the message that we are powerless to change ourselves or our situations. When things not bed a success, It persuades us we need a pill to put them right. this approach may appeal to some people, And I am in no way disparaging those who chose that you follow it. But it is recommended that everyone knows how little evidence there is to support it,

    18 18) Harr, R. an overview of the social constructionist viewpoint. In The Social the building project of Emotions, edward R. Harr, basil Blackwell: Oxford, 1986, 2 14.

  28. (NDTV) – Color blindness and efface hallucination are unusually common. But, they matrix on the side of negligible formerly only. Nuisance is harmonious of the most normal side effects of viagra without a doctor prescription,. Independently from these other are, reddening of face, reconcile oneself to perturb or upset stomach, slight giddiness, nasal congestion, diarrhea, etc. There is nothing to problem if any of these symptoms develop after entrancing about health insurance. Also do not stoppage taking drug. Yes, if these symptoms persist in requital for long conditions then it’s be required to to set to a doctor. November 20, 2016 7:45

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.